primary, secondary and higher education.
At the primary and secondary levels, the curriculum is the same for all French students in any given grade.
Many parents start sending their children around age 3 to kindergarten , and Primary school is for pupils aged 6 to 10.
The names of the grades seem complicated and illogical, don't they??
|3 -> 4||Petite section||PS|
|4 -> 5||Moyenne section||MS|
|5 -> 6||Grande section||GS|
|École élémentaire (Primary school)|
|6 -> 7||Cours préparatoire||CP |
|7 -> 8||Cours élémentaire première année||CE1 |
|8 -> 9||Cours élémentaire deuxième année||CE2 |
|9 -> 10||Cours moyen première année||CM1 |
|10 -> 11||Cours moyen deuxième année||CM2|
French secondary education is divided into two schools:
- the collège for the first four years directly following primary school;
- the lycée for the next three years.
The Brevet des collèges is the first official diploma a pupil has to sit at the end of the final year at "collège"
The completion of secondary studies leads to the baccalauréat, it is the end-of-lycée diploma students sit for in order to enter university, a classe préparatoire, or professional life. The term baccalauréat refers to the diploma and the examinations themselves. It is comparable to English & Welsh A-Levels, American SATs or ACTs, the Irish Leaving Certificate, Australia's Higher School Certificate and the German Abitur.
|Collège (Junior High)|
|11 -> 12||Sixième||6e|
|12 -> 13||Cinquième||5e|
|13 -> 14||Quatrième||4e|
|14 -> 15||Troisième||3e|
|Lycée (High school)|
|15 -> 16||Seconde||2nde|
|16 -> 17||Première||1ere|
|17 -> 18||Terminale||Term or Tle|
Major holiday breaks are as follows:All Saints (la Toussaint), one and a half weeks around the end of October and the beginning of November;
Christmas (Noël), two weeks around Christmas Day and New Year's Day;
winter (hiver), two weeks starting in mid-February;
spring (printemps) or Easter (Pâques) , two weeks starting in mid-April;
summer (été), two months starting in early-July.